The Department of Home Affairs has published an updated critical skills list for South Africa, showing what skills are in short supply across the country.
The new list has added 39 new skills, building on top of the previous publication in February of this year.
The critical skills list from the Department of Home Affairs falls under the Immigration Act and sets out the qualifications and skills deemed to be critical for the country in relation to an application for a critical skills work visa or permanent residence permit.
New skills added to the list mainly relate to specialist medical and health practitioners.
The department defines these skills as those who “diagnose, treat and prevent illness, disease, injury and other physical and mental impairments in humans, using specialized testing, and diagnostic, medical, surgical, physical and psychiatric techniques.”
“They specialize in certain disease categories, types of patient or methods of treatment and may conduct medical education and research in their chosen areas of specialization,” it said.
- Dentists – specializing in community dentistry, maxillofacial and oral pathology and maxillofacial and oral surgery, among others;
- Medical practitioners – specializing in anaesthesiology, cardiothoracic surgery, clinical pharmacology and public health, and paediatrics, among others;
- Pharmacist – including industrial pharmaceuticals, among others;
- Registered Nurses – including critical care nurses, midwives, and childcare nurses, among others.
The addition of medical professionals to the Critical skills list comes after the Democratic Alliance (DA) earlier this year submitted an advisory note to home affairs minister Aaron Motsoaledi on how the list could be expanded.
The opposition party noted that there were several notable omissions to the list published in February, including medical professionals.
“Not only does South Africa have a skills shortage in the health professions, but the country also is not training enough doctors and nurses to shorten the health inequality gap,” the DA said at the time.
The DA has also raised concerns about a shortage of skilled maths and science teachers in the country.
Along with medical professionals, several key skills remain on the list from February.
A summarized overview of some of the critical skills in demand can be found in the table below. The complete list can be found in the embedded gazette.
|Actuary||External auditor||Nurse educator|
|Aeronautical engineer||FET phase school teacher (Grades 10-12)||Physicist|
|Agricultural scientist||Geologist||Policy and planning manager|
|Architect||ICT System Analyst||Quantity surveyor|
|Biotechnologist||Industrial Engineer||Research and development manager|
|Chemist||Investment manager||Senior phase school teacher (Grades 8-9)|
|Chief Information Officer||Mechanical engineer||Software Developer|
|Civil engineer||Metallurgist||Systems Engineer|
|Conservation scientist||Microbiologist||Tax Professional|